By Julio Rodríguez Matute. PAYPAL.ME/RODRIGUEZMATUTE2
When the British writer George Orwell published his novel “1984” in June 1949, shortly before his death from tuberculosis, he never imagined how correct he would be at many points in his book, where he presents an extrapolation of practices from current totalitarian regimes. Numerous analysts have detected parallels between today’s society and the world described in Orwell’s popular novel, suggesting that thereafter we began to live in what has become known as Orwellian society, a society where information is manipulated and information is practiced. mass surveillance and political and social repression. In the film adaptation carried out precisely in 1984, it invites us to reflect on the loss of individual liberties and shows us how far the domain that the state entity exercises over it can undermine our privacy. Authoritarian governments decide to censor to get us to believe that living under their guidelines is living in the sea of happiness. It does not matter if control occurs through physical repression or through more subtle methods. A mythical novel that, today, has become a sad reality in many parts of the world …
THE HIGHLIGHTS OF THIS YEAR.-
And if it is about realities, in 1984 the terrible famine that afflicted Ethiopia was revealed and that by the end of that same year it caused the death of more than a million people. Meanwhile, the civil war in El Salvador, Sri Lanka, and Lebanon continued, as did the war between Iran and Iraq, in which Tehran accused Iraqis of using chemical weapons. The IRA attempts to assassinate Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher with a bomb in Brighton, South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu wins the Nobel Peace Prize, and Jaime Lusinchi takes office as the new President of Venezuela. Criminals hijack an Aeropostal plane in Curaçao. An unusual 5.4 Richter earthquake strikes Britain and Ireland without consequences. Brunei gains independence from the United Kingdom and Upper Volta becomes Burkina Faso. Thousands die in Bhopal, India after a gas leak at a pesticide factory, while NASA’s space shuttle Discovery makes its maiden voyage, Cirque Du Soleil is formed in Canada, and the Apple company begins marketing its first personal computer, the Macintosh. The Olympic Games are held in Los Angeles, which were boycotted by the Soviet Union and sixteen other countries, almost all with communist governments. Yvonne Ryding from Sweden is crowned Miss Universe in Miami, the Guatemalan Julieta Urrutia, who was a semifinalist months before in Miss Universe, becomes Miss International in Japan; Venezuela’s Carmen María Montiel wins Miss South America for the second consecutive year in Peru and Mirla Ochoa, also from Venezuela, is chosen “Miss Latin America” in Miami. Meanwhile, the first black Miss America, Vanessa Williams, is forced to resign due to compromising photos. The song “Agualuna” by the Chilean Fernando Ubiergo wins the OTI Festival in Mexico and the song “Diggiloo diggiley” by the Herreys brothers from Sweden, the Eurovision song in Luxembourg. In the cinema the films “1984”, “The Terminator”, “Amadeus”, “Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom”, “Karate Kid”, “Splash”, “Gremlins”, “Ghostbusters”, “The Endless Story”, ” Nightmare on Elm Street”, ” Purple Rain” and “Friday the 13th-Final Chapter” are released. On American TV the series “Miami Vice”, “Murder, She Wrote”, “Who’s the Boss?” and “Transformers” begin to air. While, in Venezuela, “La Estrella de la Fortuna” is released. The radio plays the songs “Born in the USA” by Bruce Springsteen, “Radio Ga Ga” by Queen, “Like a Virgin” and “Material Girl” by Madonna, “Dr. Beat” by Miami Sound Machine, “Amor Eterno” by Rocío Durcal and “Bandido” by Miguel Bosé, while “Thriller” by Michael Jackson becomes the best-selling album in history. In 1984 Maju Mantilla (Peru), Zhang Zilin (China), Unnur Birna (Iceland) and Rosanna Davison (Ireland) allof them future Miss World, were born, as well as the Dominican Miss Universe Amelia Vega, the Venezuelan Miss International Goizeder Azua, the Venezuelan actress and Miss Venezuela Monica Spear, Prince Harry of England, North Korean dictator Jong-Un Kim, Peruvian footballer Paolo Guerrero, Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg and American socialite Khloé Kardashian. This year the Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, was assassinated and the actors Richard Burton and Johnny Weissmüller (the original Tarzan), the Mexican fighter known as “El Santo”, the Argentine writer Julio Cortázar and the Soviet leader Yuri Andropov also died.
PREVIOUS MONTHS TO MISS WORLD 1984.-
On Wednesday, June 13, a news item was released that touched the contest in some way. That night, Wolfgang Benno Bellenbaum, 55, who was the husband of the renouncing 1980s Miss World, German Gabriella Brum, had committed suicide in Los Angeles. The ex-beauty queen must recognized the body of the deceased and the news traveled the world. Months later, on Friday August 3, another event that affected the contest took place in London, this time due to a revolt led by members of the Humane Society, who since 1982 tried to boycott the contest. The fights broke out when “Dynasty” star Adam Carrington and Miss World, Sarah Jane Hutt, opened a new fur salon at a London store. Some 40 animal rights protesters tried to hit them, but were unable to reach the stars or the coats. Incidentally, Sarah-Jane Hutt blamed her title for scaring all men. Poole’s 19-year-old beauty Dorset said the men simply didn’t get close to her and that she has no friends because her title scared them. “Who wants fame?” She said disappointed.
Furthermore, in late August, Eric Morley was looking for a face to launch a million dolls onto the market. His company planned to introduce a Miss World doll as part of a new marketing push, but instead of changing his face each year to reflect that of the latest winner, he was now looking for a beauty with long-lasting features. The main feature of the latest Miss World figures was an increase in part-time promotions from £ 93,000 to £ 141,900 thanks to lower costs for hosting the Miss World pageant in November. The group had successfully persuaded more companies to provide their services for free in exchange for free advertising, using Miss World in the images of their products and services. The bottom line, so to speak, was that the group retained more than the £ 348,800 in sales it had made the previous year. The dividend rose from end to end. The Miss World figures were expected to be more complete in the second half of the year, which included the contest itself and the Miss UK competition, and would also see the first effects of the sale of the Miss UK doll, the prototype of the Miss World version yet to be released. The figures would reflect the group’s four-year sponsorship deal with Burton’s Top Shop chain for the Miss World pageant, where costs were about of £ 1m. Incidentally, Mr. Morley had just signed a new three-year deal with IMG businessman Mark McCormack to exploit the contest’s television rights abroad. More than 40 countries already bought the broadcasting rights for this show. Morley had also bought McCormack’s 25 percent stake in the Miss World marketing affiliate, which was now 100 percent owned by the parent group.
On the other hand, Morley, with expansion plans for the Miss World, was buying a casino in Newcastle upon Tyne in early October for £ 275,000. Miss World, also a 75 percent owner of the Gateborough group subsidiary, was buying “Grey’s Casino and Club.” It also had a Gaming license for all casino activities and employed 60 people. Miss World was paying a 10% advance and was arranging loans to cover the rest of the acquisition and to provide working capital. The accounts showed that Grey’s had made a profit between September (1983) and May (1984) of £ 88,000.
By 1984, the Miss World already had 81 national directors in the same number of countries and territories. However, in some of these countries their local beauty pageants could not be held. The Indonesian government had definitively banned western-style beauty pageants on May 26, the Department of Culture and Education announced. The move thus ended years of controversy in which Indonesia had secretly sent candidates to the Miss World and Miss Universe pageants and whose participation had been classified as immoral by the Muslim authorities of that country. In Liberia and Hungary the contests were not held due to lack of financial support and in Grenada, a new attempt to revive the “Miss Grenada for Miss World” pageant, ended in failure, even having invited the reigning Miss World, Sarah-Jane Hutt , to attract the attention of possible sponsors, but in the end, this did not happen and the contest had to be canceled again. Uganda also sought to revive the Miss Uganda contest but it was held very late and there was no time to gather the resources to send the brand new Ugandan beauty queen to London. However, with a year ahead, they had confirmed their presence for the next contest. Among the remaining 76 countries and territories that would be represented, we have the following:
* SEÑORITA COLOMBIA.- The Cartagena Convention Center was once again the venue for the Colombian National Beauty Contest on Saturday, November 12, 1983. The queen turned out to be Miss Bolívar, Susana Caldas Lemaitre heading to Miss Universe. The ViceQueen and representative of Colombia to Miss World 1984 was Miss Santander, Angela Patricia Janiot, while the princesses were Joice Smith (Atlántico), María Elena Sánchez (Magdalena) and Rose Marie Azcárate (Valle). The jury of five personalities was made up of Venezuelan Irene Sáez (Miss Universe 1981), Osmel Sousa (Director of Miss Venezuela), Saudi Sheik Sheik Amin Dahlawi, Prince Enrico Constantino de Vigo and Brazilian plastic surgeon Ivo Pitanguy. 17 candidates participated.
* MISS FRANCE.- On Wednesday December 28, 1983 the election of “Miss France 1984” was held at the PLM Saint Jacques hotel in Paris and was attended by the reigning Miss World, the British Sarah-Jane Hutt who crowned to Miss Normandy, Martine Robine, as the new sovereign of French beauty bound for Miss Universe and Miss World. As Miss France Overseas they chose Miss New Caledonia, Georgia Roussel. The finalists were Christelle Mayet, Miss Brittany and Nadia Poullain, Miss Rouergue. Julia Morley also attended the event as a judge.
* FEMINA MISS INDIA.- Juhi Chawla was crowned “Femina Miss India 1984” between February and April (date not available) in Bombay. 2nd. was Suchita Kumar, who went to Miss World, and 3rd., Anna Varghese.
* MISS SWITZERLAND- Silvia Affolter, 20, was chosen “Miss Switzerland 1984” on Saturday April 14 at a hotel in Zurich among 16 participants, granting her the right to represent her country in Miss Universe and Miss World. The finalists were Gabrielle, 21, from Bern, and Baba, also 21, from Zurich.
* MISS POLAND.- Magdalena Jaworska, a philosophy student at the University of Warsaw, won the title and the right to represent the country in the Miss World and Miss Universe pageants, in the contest held on Saturday May 5 in the Congress Hall of Warsaw among 44 contestants. The event was attended by the reigning Miss World, Sarah-Jane Hutt and Julia Morley. At the last minute Jaworska was unable to compete in Miami, so she was replaced in Miss Universe by the first runner-up, Joanna Karska. In third place was the great favorite of the audience, Elżbieta Mielczarek.
* MISS VENEZUELA.- On Friday, May 11, the new “Miss Venezuela 1984” was chosen at the Macuto Sheraton Hotel Theater in Caraballeda among 23 candidates and where Miss World 1981, Pilin León, participated, riding on an elephant in a musical number of a circus produced by Joaquín Riviera. The lucky one was Carmen María Montiel, Miss Zulia, who attended Miss South America in Lima and Miss Universe in Miami. The girl chosen for Miss World was Miss Miranda, Astrid Carolina Herrera, who also took the Miss Photogenic award; and to Miss International, Miss Nueva Esparta, Miriam Leydermann. The remaining finalists were Carla Mariani (Carabobo), Mirla Ochoa (Delta Amacuro), María Teresa Ambrosino (Barinas), Carolina Cristancho (Aragua) and Ana Rosa Abad (Apure). Miss Amazonas, Consuelo Borges, who complained during the broadcast about not having time to retouch herself, was chosen Miss Sympathy, while Maribel Aguilar (Mérida) was Miss Congeniality and Alejandra Castro Egui (Guárico and sister of Miss Venezuela 1966) was awarded the Miss Elegance award.
* MISS DOMINICAN REPUBLIC.- Like the previous year, two queens were crowned in the Dominican National Beauty Pageant: Sumaya Heinsen for Miss Universe and Mayelinne Inés De Lara for Miss World. The finalists were Lourdes Díaz and Ayxa Weber. The event was held on Saturday, May 12 at the Auditorium of the Palacio de Bellas Artes and organized by Ramón Darío Cruz.
* MISS USA.- Miss New Mexico, Mai Shanley, was elected “Miss USA 1984” on Thursday, May 17 at the Lakeland, Florida Civic Auditorium, winning the ticket to Miss Universe. The first runner-up, Miss West Virginia, Kelly Lea Anderson was chosen for Miss World. Completing the Top 5: Miss Tennessee, Desiree Daniels; Miss Missouri, Sandra Percival and Miss District of Columbia, Steffanee Leaming. The winners of Miss Teen USA 1983 and 1984 also competed in this event, a youth event created in August 1983 and whose 2nd. edition was done in April 1984, so the number of participants was 53.
* FEGURÐARDROTTNING ÍSLANDS.- Berglind Johansen won the Icelandic Beauty Reign towards Miss Universe and Miss World, in an event that was attended by Sarah-Jane Hutt, Miss World, and Julia Morley and that was held on Friday, May 18 at the Broadway Theater. The finalists were Gudlaug Stella Brynjolfsdóttir, Bridja Solveig Porisdóttir, Gudny Benediktsdóttir and Gudrún Reynisdóttir.
* SEÑORITA MEXICO.- On Sunday May 20, in the National Auditorium of the Mexican capital, the “Señorita Mexico 1984” was held and the order of winners was as follows: 5th. Baja California, Lorena Mora; 4th. Zacatecas, María Patricia Aguirre; 3rd. Hidalgo, Adriana González; 2nd. Jalisco, Mariana Urrea (To Miss World) and as Miss Mexico 1984, Elizabeth Brodden from Sinaloa, who went to Miss Universe.
* MISS HOLLAND.- Nancy Neede obtained the crown on Saturday, May 26 at Vinkeveen and was sent to both Miss Universe and Miss World. The finalists were Rosalie van Breemen, Jacomina Versteeg, Tineke van Altena and Pearl MacNack. 22 beauties competed.
* MISS HONDURAS.- Miss Roatán, Myrtice Elitha Hyde, won the crown of Miss Honduras in the contest held at Campo Agas in San Pedro Sula on Saturday, May 26. Mrs Norma de Funes, director of Miss Honduras, sent her to Miss Universe, Miss World and Miss International. In second place was the great favorite, Miss Trujillo, Nadia Celina Canizales, who initially would go to Miss World but had to settle for going to the International Coffee Queen contest in Manizales. Finalists were Martha Venus Herlesh (Guanaja), Sloan Guerrino Nastas (Comayaguela) and Lía Graciela Bustillo (San Pedro Sula).
* MISS WORLD CANADA.- Connie Fitzpatrick, a 19-year-old and 5 feet 9 inches tall student from McMaster University and resident in the city of Hamilton, won the contest held in Toronto on Monday, May 28 and organized by the local office of a recognized marketing company. 10 candidates competed, one of them was Gloria Reuben who later became famous as an actress in TV series.
* MISS ECUADOR.- The contest was held on Tuesday May 29 at the Teatro 9 de Octubre in Guayaquil among 11 candidates. Three queens were chosen: Leonor Gonzembach for Miss Universe, María Sol Corral for Miss World and Lucia Palacios for Maja Internacional. The finalists were Bernarda Calvo, Ángela Medina and Mónica Morán.
* MISS COMMONWEALTH BAHAMAS.- It was held on Monday, July 30 at the Cable Beach Hotel & Casino. It was won by Yvette Monique Rolle, and the finalists were Gloria Chea, Christins Culmer, Alison Prince and Charlene Knowles. Twelve participants competed.
* MISS UNITED KINGDOM.- It was held on Wednesday August 22 at the Brighton Center with 50 candidates. The winner, heading to Miss World, was Vivienne Rooke from Weston-super-Mare. Finalists were Lea La Salle from Wrexham and Susan Tan from Northern Ireland. By the way, hours before the final, a fire broke out at the Bedford Hotel in Brighton where the candidates were staying and they all had to leave the building in robes and with scrolls on their heads. The fire originated from a car parked in the hotel’s underground parking lot, and smoke immediately invaded the entire building. Fortunately, they all were safe, it was just the scare of the moment!
* MISS IRELAND – Olivia Tracey was chosen “Miss Ireland 1984” on Monday August 27 at the National Concert Hall in Dublin, an event that was attended by Miss World 1983, Sarah-Jane Hutt. Olivia obtained the honor of representing her country in both Miss World 1984 and Miss Universe 1985.
* MISS SINGAPORE WORLD.- It was held on Friday, September 8 at the Theater-Restaurant Neptune, and the winner was Koh Li Peng, 22 years old. The finalists were Farah Lange (who was later Miss Singapore in Miss Universe 1986) and Angelina Ng Mel Lin.
* MISS GUAM WORLD.- Twenty-one candidates competed in the contest held on September 10 in the field of the University of Guam. The winner was Janet Clymer, while the finalists were Rose Paulino and Margaret Venzlauskas.
* MISS PERU WORLD.- The event was held at the Exhibition’s Lawn Tennis Club on Wednesday, October 3 and was recorded by Panamericana Televisión. Fourteen candidates from Lima and from different cities in the country participated in the contest. The judges designated the representative of Callao, Gloria Cristina Loayza Guerra, as the winner. The contest finalists included Milagros Boggiano, Rosa Ingar, María Matute and Carmen Seas. Gloria Cristina, a slender 21-year-old, member of the Peruvian athletics team, South American runner-up in the 80-meter specialty with fences and a bronze medal in 4×400 posts, was a medical student and spoke English perfectly.
* MISS WORLD BRAZIL.- Once again, SBT and Silvio Santos produced the Miss World Brazil pageant. 10 winners of beauty contests were selected, regionally and nationally, in an event held on October 11 at the Silvio Santos Theater and the winner was Adriana Alves de Oliveira, from Rio Grande do Sul but resident in Sao Paulo, who competed as “Miss Brazil Universe 1981”. Suzy Rêgo, “Miss Pernambuco 1984”, who ranked second in Miss Brazil Universe by a difference of 1 point, was second again, losing to Adriana by 1 vote!. She later became a famous television actress (and still is). Márcia Giaggio Canavezes de Oliveira, from Rio de Janeiro, competing as “Garota Carinho”, was third. The following year she would win the title of Miss Brazil Universe, representing the state of Mato Grosso.
* MISS SPAIN.- The election of “Miss Spain 1984” took place in Palma de Mallorca on Saturday October 20 with a surprising winner, Juncal Rivero, “Miss Castilla-León”, a young woman from Valladolid, 18 years old, a ballet student and third in BUP, who conquered the judges thanks to her porcelain doll look. The great favorites of the press, the representatives of Western Andalusia (Teresa Sánchez) and Aragón (Beatriz Molero), were in second and third place, as “Miss National” and “Maid of Honor”, respectively. Rivero went to Miss World and then to Miss Europe, a title she won, so Teresa Sánchez had to go to Miss Universe and Beatriz Molero to Miss International in 1985.
DID NOT COMPETE:
ARRIVAL IN LONDON.-
Although the official arrival dates were for the weekend of November 3-4, some girls began traveling to the British capital from the end of October. The first to arrive in town was Miss Jamaica (Nov. 1). But while the misses were packing up to travel to London, Thames Television technicians had started a strike, pressing for salary improvements, and threatened the broadcast of events such as the Miss World pageant, the state opening of Parliament and a Christmas show by Eric Morecambe. Happily, a few days later, the problem was resolved favorably. Upon the arrival of most of the participants during the weekend of official arrivals, the first girl who emerged as a favorite was Miss Australia, with a very particular haircut and the press found her a resemblance to Princess Diana. In addition, it was learned that she starred in the new James Bond film “In a view to a kill” that was to be released in 1985. This year, the candidates stayed at the Kensington Palace Thistle Hotel in Kensington Gardens, which was the hotel that fully sponsored the participants’ stay, an achievement of Morley, who until the previous year paid for the lodging with the resources of the contest. On Monday, November 5 there were walks through Kensington Gardens and photo shoots and the next day, the tour of the most emblematic places in the city was made.
CRITICIZED BY A FUR COAT.-
When Miss Bolivia, Erika Weise, arrived in London wearing a leopard-trimmed hat and jacket and her photos were published in the press, the graphics angered the Royal Society for the Protection of Animals. “We are very much against the capture and death of animals to provide luxurious coats for humans. Fur is a moral issue,” said Lit Coates, a 160-year-old society press officer whose patron was Queen Elizabeth II. “People in Bolivia like animals, but they don’t care much about this kind of thing,” said unrepentant Miss Bolivia. “Women in this country walk in fur coats, so why can’t I?” Contest organizer Julia Morley, trying to calm the furor, said Miss Weise’s father is a doctor, who was given the skin by local villagers after he “cured a number of children thought to be beyond hope”. “She is only wearing the fur in honor of the villagers and to keep her warm in the English winter.”
The arrival deadline was Thursday, November 8, since that day, the participants had to record the presentation in bathing suits in the ITV studios. Of the 76 originally expected entrants, 72 arrived to the pageant. The original Miss Barbados, Lisa Worme, was replaced by the first runner-up in the national pageant, Gale Thomas, without reason being given. The first defections had been those of Miss ZAIRE (Lokange Lwali) and Miss TONGA (Asupa Motu´apuaka) due to economic issues and that of Miss TURKEY (Didem Uncuoglu) due to internal problems among the holders of the franchise. The one that was being expected until the end but that did not arrive was Miss LUXEMBOURG (Romaine “Romy” Bayerl) who had already competed in Miss Universe in the month of July but who apparently fell ill days before traveling to London. The national contest in that country was held again after many years, since the last pageant had been held in 1977, but its return to Miss World had to wait another year.
The customary luncheon hosted by the Variety Club of Great Britain was held on Friday, November 9, and was held again at the Grosvenor House Hotel on Park Lane. As usual, the candidates came to the site wearing their national costumes and the gifts that would be auctioned to benefit the children’s charity work of the mentioned club, as part of the “Beauty with a Purpose” project, the official motto of the contest. After lunch and still in their national costumes, the girls went to record the opening video at the Opera House with the Kent Warwick dancers. On Saturday the 10th, the girls enjoyed a morning of shopping and, in the afternoon, they went to King’s College Hospital for the also traditional Christmas party with the children there. On Sunday the 11th, the 72 beauties went to the headquarters of the Top Shop on Fleet Street to pose in white leggings or tights with a gold-colored belt, sponsored by that company. Unlike in other years, the young women posed in alphabetical order, but the first ones in the last upper row and the last ones in the lower first row. The photojournalists chose their “Miss Photogenic” title that went to Miss VENEZUELA (Astrid Carolina Herrera) who favoritism of the media got through the roof, together with the representatives of Brazil, Canada, Australia, Ireland, Norway and Germany.
By the way, the Brazilian and the Australian already had previous experience of several years in international beauty contests, since Adriana Alves de Oliveira from Brazil was third runner-up in Miss Universe 1981 held in New York and was also second runner-up in the first edition of Miss Hawaiian Tropic International in 1984. Lou-Anne Ronchi of Australia competed in Miss Universe 1982 in Lima, Peru and in Miss International of that same year, where she was a semifinalist. Others who came from competing in Miss Universe but from 1984 were the candidates from Belgium, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Gambia, Holland, Honduras, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. Of these, the German and the Dutch became semifinalists. The Puerto Rican had won the Miss Latin America 1983, Miss Mexico had been trained at Maja International 1984 and the Belgian had been 2nd runner-up in Miss International 1978. In this contest but in 1983 Miss Italy competed and was a semifinalist and in that of 1984 the Honduran girl. Miss Austria, Miss Curaçao and Miss Guatemala competed at the Miss Intercontinental in 1982, the latter also in the International Coffee Queen in 1983. The tallest contestant was Miss Gibraltar at 5 feet 11 inches tall and the shortest Miss Gambia and Miss Swaziland , both with just 5 feet 3 inches. In the official program book of the contest they were wrong with at least two heights: that of Miss Bahamas, who was given only 5 feet when in fact she was 5 feet 5 inches tall; and that of Miss Brazil, who was given 5 feet 7.5 when she was really 5 feet 10 inches tall. The Brazilian, at that time, was the favorite of the bookmakers and her odds were 5-1. Here is the table with the most outstanding information of all the 72 contestants of Miss World 1984:
|01||AMERICAN VIRGIN ISLANDS||Sandy Lewis||19||St.Croix||Office Administrator|
|02||ARUBA||Margaret Jane Bislick||22||Oranjestad||Sales Girl|
|03||AUSTRALIA||Lou-Anne Caroline Ronchi||22||Mount Lawley, W.A.||Model|
|04||AUSTRIA||Heidemarie Pilgerstorfer||23||Linz||Psychology Student|
|05||BAHAMAS||Yvette Monique Rolle||19||Nassau||Interior Decorator|
|06||BARBADOS||Gale Angela Thomas||22||Christ Church||Life Underwriter|
|07||BELGIUM||Brigitte Maria Antonia Muyshondt||24||Antwerp||Model|
|08||BERMUDA||Rhonda Cherlyene Wilkinson||21||St.George‘s||Secretary|
|09||BOLIVIA||Erika Weise Antelo||21||Santa Cruz||Dress Designer|
|10||BRAZIL||Adriana Alves de Oliveira||21||Sao Paulo||TV Presenter/Model|
|11||CANADA||Constance “Connie” Ellen Fitzpatrick||20||Hamilton||Student of Languages|
|12||CAYMAN ISLANDS||Thora Ann Crighton||22||Georgetown||Sales Girl|
|13||CHILE||María Soledad García Leinenweber||21||Santiago||Student|
|14||COLOMBIA||Ángela Patricia Janiot Martirena||20||Bucaramanga||Student|
|15||COSTA RICA||Catalina María Blum Peña||21||San Jose||Student|
|16||CURACAO||Ivette del Carmen Atacho||20||Willemstad||Air Hostess|
|19||DOMINICAN REPUBLIC||Mayelinne Inés de Lara Almánzar||20||Santo Domingo||Medical Student|
|20||ECUADOR||María Sol Corral Zambrano||19||Cuenca||Languages Student|
|21||EL SALVADOR||Celina María López Párraga||17||San Salvador||Student|
|25||GERMANY||Brigitte Berx||22||Dusseldorf||Boutique Manager|
|26||GIBRALTAR||Karina Suzanne Hollands||18||Gibraltar||Fashion Sales Representative|
|28||GUAM||Janet Rachelle Dela Rosa Clymer||20||Mangilao||Works in Communications|
|29||GUATEMALA||Carla Giovanna Aldana Fontana||22||Guatemala City||Bilingual Secretary|
|31||HONDURAS||Myrtice Elitha Hyde||22||French Harbor||Student|
|32||HONG KONG||Joan Tong Lai-Kau||20||Hong Kong||Student|
|34||INDIA||Suchita Kumar||19||Bombay||Student and a Model|
|35||IRELAND||Olivia Marie Tracey||24||Terenure-Dublin||Language Teacher|
|36||ISLE OF MAN||Jill Armstrong||17||Braddan||Bank Clerk|
|37||ISRAEL||Iris Louk||18||Rishon LeZion||Soldier|
|38||ITALY||Federica Silvia Tersch||20||Milan||Model|
|39||JAMAICA||Jacqueline Q. Crichton||20||Kingston||Student|
|41||KENYA||Khadija “Kate” Adam Ismail||24||Nairobi||Student|
|43||LEBANON||Elaine Khoury||19||Beirut||Folk Dancer|
|44||MALAYSIA||Christina Teo Pick Yoon||22||Kuala Lumpur||Embassy Clerk|
|45||MALTA||Graziella Attard Previ||19||Gzira||Producer and Journalist|
|46||MEXICO||Mariana Sofía Urrea Stettner||19||Guadalajara||Student|
|47||NEW ZEALAND||Barbara Rose McDowell||19||Auckland||Computer Operator|
|49||NORWAY||Ingrid Maria Martens||19||Oslo||Marketing Student|
|50||PANAMA||Ana Luisa Seda Reyes||18||Panama City||Student|
|51||PARAGUAY||Susana María Ivansiuten Haurelechen||17||Encarnacion||Student|
|52||PERU||Gloria Cristina Loayza Guerra||21||Callao||Medical Student|
|53||PHILIPPINES||Aurora Elvira Gayoso Sevilla||21||Manila||Model|
|54||POLAND||Magdalena Jaworska||23||Warsaw||Philosophy student|
|55||PORTUGAL||María Leonor Mendes Correia||22||Lisbon||Computer Programmer and a Model|
|56||PUERTO RICO||María de los Ángeles Rosas Silva||23||San Juan||Compere|
|57||SINGAPORE||Koh Li Peng||22||Singapore||Secretary|
|58||SPAIN||María Juncal Rivero Fadrique||18||Valladolid||Student of Ballet|
|59||SRI LANKA||Bhagya Udeshika Gunasinghe||22||Colombo||Secretary|
|61||SWEDEN||Brigitta Madeleine Gunnarsson||21||Malmo||Administrator|
|62||SWITZERLAND||Silvia Anna Affolter||20||Sarner||TV Presenter|
|63||TAHITI||Hinarii Kilian||16||Punaauia||Secretarial Student|
|65||TRINIDAD & TOBAGO||Ria Judy Joanne Rambardan||17||Tunapuna||Student|
|66||TURKS & CAICOS||Miriam Coralita Adams||18||Grand Turk||Clerical Officer|
|67||UNITED KINGDOM||Vivienne Mary Rooke||23||Weston-super-Mare||Sales Supervisor|
|68||UNITED STATES||Kelly Lea Anderson||22||Clarksburg, WV||Mass Communications Student|
|69||URUGUAY||Giselle Barthou Quintes||23||Montevideo||Student and a Model|
|70||VENEZUELA||Astrid Carolina Herrera Irazábal||21||Caracas||Psychology Student|
|71||WESTERN SAMOA||Ana Bentley||22||Apia||Bookeeper|
|72||YUGOSLAVIA||Dinka Delic||18||Zenica, Bosnia||Student of Music|
COMPLAINTS IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS.-
After the Press Presentation, the contestants enjoyed a special dinner where some of them demonstrated their talent for the enjoyment of their companions. On Monday, November 12, the candidates visited the House of Commons where they had lunch, as was traditional, with the parliamentarians. But this time, some of these parliamentarians criticized the girls for their behavior during the visit. However, Mr. Neville Trotter jumped to the defense of the Miss World contestants when they landed single file in the House of Commons. As the Conservative MP had organized a tour of the Palace of Westminster and a lunch for the 72 girls, he found himself twice under attack from some of his fellow MPs when in the luxurious dining room overlooking the River Thames, they complained that the Contestants teased diners with their loud laughter and chatter. Then, conservative Jonathan Sayeed, one of the contestants’ hosts, caused a furor by claiming that he had seen more attractive girls in his constituency. And, Mr. Sayeed claimed, that the “image of all together projected by the organizers of Miss World was simply a myth. In fact, they were complaining about each other behind their backs”. Mr. Trotter, who had organized the traditional visit to the Commons by Miss World contestants for the past four years, joined, escorting their glamorous guests, Mr. Piers Merchant and Mr. Michael Fallon, Conservative colleagues of Northern England. The Tynemouth MP was involved in a discussion with a diner who complained about the behavior of the Miss World girls during their lunch. According to eyewitnesses, the aforementioned member of parliament confronted the protester, who was apparently not a politician, and asked him to be more civil with guests from around the world. In addition, it dismissed claims made about the girls by East Bristol MP, Sayeed, who claimed that the girls were “a fairly simple group”.
Following the visit to the House of Commons, the candidates attended the first rehearsal at the Royal Albert Hall, rehearsals that lasted throughout Tuesday. On Wednesday November 14, the candidates visited the sponsoring beauty salon located in Mayfair in groups and at night they had the recordings of the opening, the introductions in national costumes and the theme performed by all the candidates called “A Song for the World” , song specially written for the contest by Tony King and Sally Kemp. Twelve of the girls were chosen to participate on stage alongside the Kent Warwick dancers during the opening sequences. They were the representatives of Switzerland, Brazil, United States, Colombia, United Kingdom, Mexico, Finland, Canada, Australia, Bermuda, Barbados and Denmark. Subsequently, the dress rehearsal was held, where all the contestants paraded in swimsuits and where Miss Personality was named, chosen by the contestants themselves, a title that went to Miss PANAMA (Ana Luisa Seda Reyes), who received a Top Shop trophy from Julia Morley.
THE BETTING FAVORITES.-
A 21-year-old blonde from Brazil was installed by British oddsmakers as the favorite in the group of 72 women competing in the Miss World contest. Leading British bookmakers Ladbroke’s named Adriana Alves de Oliveira, a television personality in her country, at odds of 3-1 to win the contest, now in its thirty-fourth edition at the Royal Albert Hall of London. Ladbroke’s gave West German 22-year-old Brigitte Berx and 24-year-old Olivia Marie Tracey of Ireland the same odds of 6-1 in second place. Ladbroke’s director Ron Pollard said the gamblers were apprehensive about Ingrid Martens from Norway, a 19-year-old student outsider’ rating has narrowed sharply from 40-1 to 12-1. Pollard said the oddsmakers stand to lose more money if the Norwegian girl is crowned Miss World than the Brazilian favorite. “We took a lot of money on Ingrid at 40-1, so we stand to lose most if she wins,” he said. Other odds were 8-1 on Miss Venezuela, 10-1 on Miss Canada, 14-1 on Miss Australia, and 16-1 on Miss India, Miss United Kingdom and Miss United States. The British tabloids had their own views. The Daily Mirror chose Miss Ireland to win, while the Daily Express reported that Miss Brazil and Miss Venezuela were tied for first place, closely followed by Miss Ireland, Miss Australia, Miss Canada and Miss Germany.
MISS IRELAND SAVED FROM DEATH.-
Irishwoman Olivia Tracey told the media that winning the Miss Ireland title had saved her from death. Before winning the title, she had booked a seat on a flight from Dublin to Paris with friends to attend the annual Beaujolais Nouveau wine event and the plane crashed on Tuesday the 13th in Sussex, killing all nine occupants of the small aircraft. “I knew almost all the people who died. The thought of being on that plane is terrible. Life is too good right now,” said the beauty who luckily escaped that fatal accident …
QUEEN OF BULLFIGHTING.-
Only three days had passed since the director of Miss World, Julia Morley, had told the media that all the candidates were against all forms of mistreatment and cruelty to animals. But even as she spoke, a much more serious time bomb was surging, in the shapely form of Miss Venezuela, Astrid Herrera. She was the image of one of the most barbaric sports in the world. Back in Caracas, Astrid was the “National Queen of Coleo” and participated in the sickly show called “Corridas de Toros”. In these dantesque performances, the bulls are chased in a narrow corral by men on horseback in an attempt to roll the creatures on their backs. An Ecuadorian actress named Berta Moncayo, who was the President of the Humane Society in Venezuela, the country where she resided, made a huge fuss arguing that Astrid Carolina Herrera could not participate in Miss World because she was the “National Queen of Coleo” and for that reason she should not be allowed to participate in the English contest. Moncayo had written a letter criticizing the barbarity of the coleo bulls and had sent it to the home of Astrid’s family in Caracas so that she would give up the responsibility of being the Godmother of this horrifying sport, long before her trip to London. However, the letter reached the British media during the Miss World contest, although Moncayo denied having sent it. It was rumored that she sent the same letter to the Venezuelan Embassy in London, but it is not known for sure how it got to the British media, since Mrs. Moncayo denied over and over again that she was guilty. Of course, the British press echoed the news, which caused a lot of annoyance and outrage from the animal defenders in Great Britain and asked the organizers of Miss World to disqualify the Venezuelan candidate. But the organizers of Miss World ignored the request, since the executives of Venevisión and the Miss Venezuela Organization had sent them a statement explaining what the national sport was about, which was popular in many regions of the country.
HOW THE JUDGES VOTED.-
In meridian hours on Thursday, November 15, the judges went to the Royal Albert Hall where it interviewed the 72 competitors and, additionally, evaluated them in gowns and bathing suits to determine who the 15 semifinalists would be. The score had a variation with respect to the previous year to prevent any contestant from finishing with 0 points. Each judge had to select 15 girls in swim suits and 15, who could be the same or different, in interviews/gowns. All 72 contestants automatically received 2 points, one for each presentation. But those selected would receive extra points, that is, if they were on one of the lists (swimsuit or interviews/gowns), they would receive an additional point, but if they were on both lists, they would receive two more points, for which that the maximum score for each contestant was 4 points per judge and 36 points in the sum of the nine judges, while the minimum score for each judge was 2 points. The vote was made on a handwritten form and then the auditor fed the computer of the firm Epson UK Ltd, the event’s sponsoring firm, to know the names of the 15 lucky ones before starting the show that same night. This year the selection rules had changed. The girl who led the score for each continent went to the finals automatically and then, the next ten contestants with the highest scores entered, regardless of the continent to which they belonged. Would they have been sacrificed girls? We will know this later …
The moment of truth arrived, the night where the thirty-fourth Miss World in history would be chosen. All bets were off and the judges had secretly selected the 15 girls who would compete for the title that night. Security would be tighter than ever at the Royal Albert Hall, as Miss World officials were concerned about possible demonstrations and eruptions by animal rights supporters. In fact, private guards had jealously guarded the 72 beauty queens during the 10 days they were in the British capital to avoid any inconvenience that endangered the physical integrity of the beautiful young women. Shortly before the contest began in London’s Royal Albert Hall, some 30 activists from two animal rights groups demonstrated outside. Their banners included one that said: “Bullfighting Miss Venezuela, get out” …
At 7:52 pm (the English people are exaggeratedly on time), the musical opening by the Phil Tate orchestra began, announcing that the show was about to begin. After the British National Anthem, Eric Morley entered the scene to welcome, explain the procedures and receive the masters of ceremonies, Peter Marshall and Judith Chalmers, already in the fifth year as presenters of the event. After this, the Kent Warwick dancers appeared for the opening, with all the candidates dressed in their evening gowns in the individual introduction and to sing the song “A Song for the World”, which, as explained above, had been composed especially for the contest. (The lyrics of the song can be found in the Program Book gallery in this article). Then there was a break so that the girls could change their clothes and put on their swimsuits, the same bathing suit model for all and sponsored by the Top Shop firm (Ascot International had withdrawn this year as a sponsor). The 72 contestants were called to the stage three by three in alphabetical order, and then they did the individual parade. The names of the 15 semifinalists were immediately revealed, who taped the group scene that would be shown on TV moments later, to give them time to change during the live broadcast. To know a little more about the 15 semifinalists of Miss World 1984, we have the following data:
Miss AUSTRALIA (Lou-Anne Caroline Ronchi, 22 years old, 5f 9i tall, from Mount Lawley, Perth suburb, Western Australia); Miss AUSTRIA (Heidemarie Pilgerstorfer, 23, 5f 9i from Linz); Miss BRAZIL (Adriana Alves de Oliveira, 21 years old and 5f 10i, from Porto Alegre, but residing in Sao Paulo); Miss CANADA (Constance “Connie” Ellen Fitzpatrick, 20 years of age, 5f 9i, from Hamilton, Ontario); Miss COLOMBIA (Ángela Patricia Janiot Martirena, 20, and 5f 8i, from Bucaramanga); Miss FINLAND (Anna-Liisa Tilus, 19 years old and 5f 9i, from Helsinki); Miss HOLLAND (Nancy Neede, 20 years old and 5f 10i, from Amsterdam); Miss ICELAND (Berglind Johansen, 18 years, 5f 8.5i, from Reykjavik); Miss IRELAND (Olivia Marie Tracey, 24, 5f 8i, from Terenure); Miss ISRAEL (Iris Louk, 18 years and 5f 9i, from Rishon LeZion); Miss KENYA (24-year-old, 5f 8.5i Khadija “Kate” Adam Ismail from Nairobi); Miss SWITZERLAND (Silvia Anna Affolter, 20 years of age and 5f 8i, from Sarner); Miss UNITED KINGDOM (Vivienne Mary Rooke, 22, 5f 10i, from Weston-super-Mare); Miss UNITED STATES (Kelly Lea Anderson, 23, 5f 9i from Clarksburg, West Virginia); and Miss VENEZUELA (Astrid Carolina Herrera Irazábal, 21 years old and 5f 8i, from Caracas).
At 8:30 at night the broadcast of the contest began through ITV, for an hour and a half, with the images of the prerecorded opening on stage and the Opera House, with the dancers from Kent Warwick and the candidates in national costumes singing the song “The Happening” a theme made famous by The Supremes. Later, the introductions with the 72 candidates in their national costumes and the song “A Song for the World” were broadcast. They immediately presented the also prerecorded swimsuit parade from the ITV studios, where the scores given by the judges for each of the contestants were shown on screen. Here we show you the scores the 72 girls received:
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As you can see, Miss Poland was “sacrificed” to allow Miss Kenya to enter from the African continent and in 15th place there was a multiple tie between Miss Germany, Miss Israel, Miss Norway and Miss Yugoslavia, but Miss Israel was chosen for having been the Asian contestant with the best score. It can also be seen that Miss United Kingdom, until then, was the judge’s favorite with 35 points, almost perfection, closely followed by a triple tie for second place, with 34 points Miss Brazil, Miss United States and Miss Venezuela. At 9:03 p.m. the incidents of the contest began to be broadcast live from the Royal Albert Hall in London with the introduction of the nine members of the judges. They were:
01- The famous English radio DJ, Mike Read.
02- Stirling Moss, British Formula One racer.
03- Renowned American Fashion Designer Oleg Cassini.
04- Thai Princess Kokaew Prakaykavil of Chiangmai, bests known as Princess Koko.
05- Eric Morley, organizer of Miss World and Chairman of the Judges.
06- Swedish Mary Stavin, Miss World 1977
07- British Ralph Halpern, Director of Top Shop.
08- Director of Epson UK Limited, Masakazu Sakazaki.
09- Cheryl Baker, member of the British Pop group “Bucks Fizz”.
Here we exclusively show you who the judges chose during the preliminary round:
The previous qualifications were discarded and the scores of the 15 semifinalists started from zero when the individual parade of each one began with bathing suits of their own choice. At the end of their parade, all the semifinalists ran to dressing rooms to put on their evening dress, while the viewers watched the prerecorded segment that was done minutes before, where the 15 girls posed together for the judges. After the commercial break, the night’s comperes individually called the 15 semi-finalists on stage, this time in their evening gowns, to be interviewed by them. Miss Australia spoke of her participation in the latest James Bond film; Miss Austria recounted details of her psychology studies and her favorite British food; Miss Brazil spoke of her work as a TV presenter and that she had been surprised that in England people drive on the right side of the car; Miss Canada told of her hobbies and spoke of her predilection for horseback riding and her resemblance to Princess Diana; Miss Colombia spoke in English about Bucaramanga and her passion for golf; Miss Finland recounted how she entered her national contest and her hobby of making pen pals; Miss Holland said she wanted to meet Boy George and spoke about her modeling career; Miss Iceland explained that her country was not as cold as it seemed and said that her main hobby was modern music; Miss Ireland recounted how as a teacher she had become a model; Miss Israel said her job in the military was to plant bananas; Miss Kenya, who wrote children’s stories, was widely applauded by the audience; Miss Switzerland said that she spoke five languages very well but her nerves gave her a bad move; Miss United Kingdom spoke of her experience and work as a beauty queen; Miss USA explained details of her graduation and said that she was now a teacher who was also dedicated to modeling; and Miss Venezuela, who was the only one who had a translator, spoke in Spanish of her passion for parachuting. She said she took the course because “it was a concern to always keep doing dynamic activities and, when doing this activity, I realized that I am capable of many things, I think it is important to always know yourself.” After the interview, the 15 beauties posed once more in a group in front of the judges. Later, Judith Chalmers called Julia Morley and Sarah-Jane Hutt on stage, who were interviewed by Peter Marshall. The outgoing Miss World recounted her experiences during her reign, especially her visit to Guatemala where she participated in a party where she had to break a piñata, a tradition in Latin American countries that was not common for Europeans, while Julia spoke of the Advances of “Beauty with a Purpose” in the different nations visited during the year.
Then, Peter Marshall called the names of the seven finalists in random order, who paraded in evening gowns and received a bouquet of flowers from some girls, while Judith Chalmers commented on the dresses. They were Miss IRELAND, Miss AUSTRALIA, Miss CANADA, Miss BRAZIL, Miss UNITED KINGDOM, Miss VENEZUELA, and Miss UNITED STATES. It should be noted that Miss United States had emerged as a favorite thanks to last minute bets in specialized houses, so it was not a surprise to see her in the top seven. Her odds had been quoted at 7-4, being surpassed only by Miss Brazil with 5-2. The girls left the stage to make way for the American group The Drifters, a quartet made up of Dock Green, Derek Ventura, Lloyd Butch Phillips and Bernard Jones, who performed a medley of several of their most famous songs. After the musical performance, the comperes of the evening called Julia Morley on stage for the awards presentation and Eric Morley to announce the names of the Continental Queens and the judge’s final verdict.
They were: Queen of Africa, Miss KENYA; Queen of the Americas, Miss VENEZUELA; Queen of Asia, Miss ISRAEL; Queen of Europe, Miss UNITED KINGDOM and Queen of Oceania, Miss AUSTRALIA. All five received their Top Shop trophies from Julia Morley on stage. Eric Morley immediately announced the results of the contest in reverse order: SECOND RUNNER-UP, Miss AUSTRALIA, Lou-Anne Ronchi and FIRST RUNNER-UP, Miss CANADA, Connie Fitzpatrick. The Morleys’ son Julian put the tiaras on their heads when they were called to the proscenium and the trophies were presented by Julia Morley.
THE WINNER IS….-
And MISS WORLD 1984 is … Miss VENEZUELA, Astrid Carolina Herrera !!. The brand new world beauty queen, a psychology student who practiced skydiving and who was Queen of the Military Academy of Venezuela, weighing 56 kilos and measurements of 36-23-36, brown eyes and very black hair, received the sash that credited her as the new Miss World by Julián and the Top Shop trophy by Julia Morley. Very excited, she sat on her throne that symbolized an ice castle, to receive the crown of the outgoing queen, the British Sarah-Jane Hutt. A member of the contest staff presented her with the royal scepter before beginning to take her triumphal walk under the chords of the well-known official march of the event, before returning to the throne and being congratulated by the finalists before finishing the broadcast of the show. Miss Herrera said that when she realized she was the winner, “I was happy not only for me but for my country.” “At my side, Miss Kenya said to me: ‘It will be you’, and I said: ‘No’ …”. This was the third Miss World crown and the second in the last four years for this South American country. Curiously, the great favorite, Miss Brazil, had lost to Venezuela in both Miss Universe in 1981 and Miss World this year. Around 500 million people in 44 countries, including Great Britain, watched the broadcast of the event, in many cases, delayed. It was estimated that in the UK it was seen by about 20 million viewers. In the US, the contest was broadcast on TNT two days later. In Venezuela the event was broadcast on Thursday the 15th but at 7 pm local time, when in London it was already early morning and the victory of the Caracas girl was widely celebrated. The President of that country, Jaime Lusinchi, said that Astrid Carolina’s triumph was “a recognition of the beauty of the Venezuelan woman.”
The Coronation Party was held again at the Grosvenor House Hotel and where the positions of the remaining finalists were announced. In seventh place was Miss Ireland, the sixth position was for Miss Brazil, in fifth place was Miss United States and in fourth place, Miss United Kingdom. All of them received a £ 500 prize, except for the British, who received £ 1,000 for also being Queen of Europe. The other continental queens (Kenya and Israel) got a prize of £ 500 because they didn’t make it to the Top 7, while the remaining semifinalists got a check for £ 100. Miss Australia, being second runner-up, won £ 1,000 and Miss Canada, £ 2,000 for being first runner-up. Meanwhile, Miss World 1984 obtained a check for £ 5,000 and an employment contract guaranteeing her a minimum of an additional £ 25,000 during her year of reign.
The brand new beauty queen, Venezuelan Astrid Herrera, was entertained at the party where she met Princess Margarita, the princess’s 23-year-old unmarried son, Viscount Linley, and Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher’s 31-year-old unmarried son Mark. As the new Miss World mingled with royalty at the victory dance, contest organizers rejected criticism from animal rights groups for her ties to a South American bullfighting game. Controversy at the 34th annual beauty pageant arose over the role of Miss Venezuela as the official pin-up girl of the sport of coleados bulls in her hometown, Caracas. Pageant organizer Julia Morley angrily refused to have the new Miss World answer questions about the protesters, saying: “They have the right to demonstrate and we have the right to have fun.” The contest organizers did not allow Ms. Herrera to answer questions about bullfighting, but denied published reports that “she was the official image” of that sport in her country. Organizers said their only connection was that she once presented an award to the winner of a “coleos” competition, the South American form of bullfighting. Bolivian contestant Erika Weise had also been criticized by a group of protesters for wearing a fur coat. “Miss Bolivia, it took 20 leopards to make your coat,” read one banner.
THE BEGINNING OF HER REIGN.-
Venezuelan Astrid Carolina Herrera, who was called “Queen of Barbarism” by animal rights advocates, began her reign as Miss World the next day celebrating her triumph with a glass of milk, and not champagne, before the numerous media and told reporters that “The most beautiful woman in the world is my mother …”. Rejecting the traditional bubbling of champagne at a press conference the morning after she was crowned, the 21-year-old psychology student portrayed herself as a simple girl rather than a jet set woman. Miss Herrera spoke through an interpreter while describing to reporters how she dedicated herself to her family, including her mother and her 17-year-old sister, who had come to the Royal Albert Hall to see her triumph. Astrid Carolina said that her father, David, a car salesman, two other sisters and two brothers had stayed in Caracas. She objected when journalists asked her if she was proud to be named one of the most beautiful women in the world. “Don’t worry about me, the most beautiful woman in the world is my mother, Odelia,” she said. Miss Herrera also dodged the usual questions about her love life. She said she had many friends but “no boyfriend in particular.” When asked why she believed she had been successful, the new world sovereign of beauty replied: “My type really likes it here, I also think that my behavior towards the press helped me a lot, and proof of this, is that the photographers named me Miss Photogenic”. She also said that she and her mother had become worried when they read in the newspapers that she was linked to a barbaric sport, but that at all times she trust to give the best of herself to play a good role in the contest. She also commented that her ambition was to work as a child psychologist to help disturbed children.
Later she went to an interview in a television studio. Her tour was accompanied by a persistent rain, very frequent in the London autumn. In London, the Venezuelan woman was accompanied by her mother Odelia and her sister Adriana, as well as the President of the Miss Venezuela Organization and National Director, Osmel Sousa. The Caracas beauty showed her happiness at the triumph and denied the charges that she supported cruelty to animals in a rodeo sport that involved bulls in her native Venezuela. “I am against any kind of harm to animals and children,” said Miss Herrera in an interview on the British network TV-AM. “Bullfighting is a tradition in my country. It simply involves chasing and not hurting the bulls.” But British opponents of blood sports claimed that bulls often have their tails ripped off or their legs broken in the sport, which they described as “horrible test”. Miss Venezuela is “just the queen of death,” said Sylvia Martin, one of the protesters. “We will chase her wherever she goes.” In the afternoon, the new world beauty queen dedicated herself to signing autographs at the Fleet Street Top Shop. Meanwhile, the father of the new Miss World, Don David Herrera, received journalists at his house in Coche, west of Caracas, who wanted to hear his impressions of his daughter’s victory. “My daughter had to win, she was prepared for that,” said the proud father. “I am not fond of contests, but now I like them,” he added.
For the next few days, Astrid Carolina kept herself busy learning English because it could be expensive if she didn’t. The “Queen Mother” Julia Morley had warned her that her earnings would only be half of what they could be unless she mastered the language. Her first official trip was to Glasgow, Scotland, on Tuesday November 20, to visit a department store on Argyle Street where she signed autographs on hundreds of photographs of her. “Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. I am very happy to be in Glasgow and I would like to thank you for your kind welcome,” she said in perfect English, words she had learned on the flight from London alongside typical Scottish words. On the other hand, Astrid Carolina continued to be persecuted by two groups that defend animal rights. On November 22, during a visit to the city of Birmingham, in the center of England, where she had to sign autographs, she was booed by protesters waving banners in Spanish. She was signing autographs at a boutique in that city, when about 20 protesters appeared chanting slogans and waving signs saying “Miss World is the queen of torture” and “we do not want coleos.” Miss World organizer Julia Morley said police were investigating a phone threat made to the boutique. The protest was sparked by reports that the 21-year-old Venezuelan was involved with the bullfights. Security men detained protesters when she arrived at a clothing store to meet the public using a side door. Ms. Herrera said her only connection to the sport had been when she once received an award after a coleos contest.
A radical animal rights group that recently claimed to have poisoned “Mars” chocolate bars across Britain, was linked on Friday, November 23, to a bomb threat aimed at the new Miss World. Police in the coastal city of Southend said a man who identified himself as a member of the Animal Liberation Front called a local newspaper and said that a bomb had been planted in a women’s store that would be visited by Miss World, Astrid Herrera of Venezuela. They searched that store and two others named by the caller, but no bombs were found and Herrera’s visit went as planned. Police were “considering the possibility” that the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) was responsible for the scare, a spokesman said. They said it was not immediately known if the caller was in fact a member of the group. Herrera’s animal rights organizations in Britain had condemned Herrera, claiming that she supported the sport of “coleado bulls.”
BBC ANNOUNCES BAN ON BEAUTY COMPETITIONS.-
The ban on British Broadcasting Corp. televised beauty pageants was attacked on Saturday by a conservative member of Parliament, ridiculed by a rival network and condemned by newspapers on Fleet Street. “The BBC will live to regret this,” said conservative lawmaker Geoffrey Dickens. “For heaven’s sake, all this equality is pretty ridiculous.” The ban was announced on Friday November 16 by Michael Grade, the new chief programming officer for BBC1, the larger of the two state-owned television channels. He said the BBC had promised to broadcast the Miss Great Britain pageant in January 1985, but that there would be no more online beauty pageants after that. “I think these contests no longer deserve national broadcast time,” Grade said. “They are an anachronism on this day of the era of equality and, on the verge of the offensive, we can spend our money and resources on a much better purpose.”
The announcement came a day after the BBC’s commercial rival, Independent Television, broadcast the Miss World pageant live from the Royal Albert Hall in London. ITV officials, noting that the BBC had broadcast the celebrated world competition until ITV made a better offer to organizers in 1980, dismissed the ban as sour grapes. “The Miss World contest is a very enjoyed program,” said Muir Sutherland, program manager for Thames Television, one of ITV’s member companies. We anticipate that we will have beaten the BBC 2-1 in Thursday’s rating. “But the Daily Mirror quoted Grade as responding that “I would not take the Miss World contest if they offered it to me for nothing”. Grade, 41, nephew former television entrepreneur Lord Lew Grade, previously served as chief programming officer for “London Weekend Television”, another ITV company. He resigned in 1982 to move to Hollywood and form his own film company. He returned to Britain in summer of 1984 and became head of programming on BBC1 in September. BBC programming, often dry by American standards with action-oriented primetime, was a frequent target of comedians scoffing at documentaries about the life of the praying mantis or the reverential coverage of darts and pool games.
On Fleet Street, the headquarters of most London newspapers, criticism of the BBC’s announced ban was lamented alongside images of newly crowned Miss World Astrid Herrera of Venezuela. The Sun called Grade’s move “their first BIG mistake.” The tabloid, with a circulation of more than 4 million, and its main rival, The Daily Star, prints photos of topless models daily on its inside pages. The Sun newspaper disagreed that beauty pageants offended some viewers. On the other hand, MP Dickens agreed that judging by Miss World’s ratings, “everyone enjoys these events and no one takes the results too seriously.” “Ladies like glamorous dresses and boys like glamorous girls,” he reasoned. “What’s wrong with that?”. Grade’s decision had also been unpopular on a radio show, but a listener defended it, saying the beauty pageants were a “degrading cattle parade.” Grade said that removing the broadcast of beauty pageants would bring more movie production to Britain’s television. Market research later revealed that Miss World had an audience of 17.1 million viewers in Britain, and it had been the third most-watched show that month.
A STOPOVER IN PORTUGAL.-
The second country that the new Miss World visited during her reign was Portugal, where she arrived on Friday, November 23. The Portuguese authorities allowed the beautiful Venezuelan to remain a few hours in Lisbon despite not having the proper documentation, since she did not have a visa to enter Portugal, however, the Portuguese authorities turned a blind eye and allowed the beauty of Caracas to go to rest in a hotel in the Portuguese capital. “I took advantage of the trip from London to rest, something that during this exciting week I was not allowed,” explained the beautiful Venezuelan. Despite her visible fatigue, she was very nice during her stay in Lisbon, declaring that she felt safer than ever and that her title gave her “great satisfaction as it constitutes the fulfillment of an old dream”. By the way, on the flight from London to Lisbon, she was accompanied by the Portuguese Prime Minister, Mario Soares.
VENEZUELA WELCOMES THE NEW MISS WORLD.-
Astrid Carolina returned to her country, via Portugal, on a TAP airline plane, on Saturday, November 24, and was accompanied by the contest director, Mrs. Julia Morley. Her trip was about to be postponed for another week because she had concluded her commitments in the United Kingdom at 5 pm on Friday the 23rd and it had been found that there were no flights to Caracas from London. However, they did get a connecting flight via Lisbon at the last minute. Upon arriving on Venezuelan soil, she was received with great honors in the courtyard of the Venezuelan Military Academy, where she arrived aboard a Metropolitan Police helicopter and received by the MC, Gilberto Correa. A red carpet, spread across the courtyard, greeted the beautiful girl as the band from the Military Academy played a beautiful welcome waltz in her honor. Later, they welcomed her warmly on the “Los Próceres” promenade in Caracas aboard a luxurious green Rolls Royce convertible escorted by the riders of the Military Academy and, later, through the sword crossing carried out by 140 ensigns. She wore a scarlet red bodysuit and looked radiant. Astrid Carolina burst into tears, excited, when she received from Brigadier Franz Calzada Cousin the beret of the paratroopers and the statuette of the cadets, the latter from the hands of Ensign Florencio Porras Echezurría. As a curious note, before traveling to Miss World, her friend, Ensign Samir Sallén, who also accompanied her at the reception, had presented her with a medal of the virgin that had belonged to her mother as a symbol of good luck and definitely it took effect !
Then there was a small tribute in her honor, in the main Venevisión studio, during the broadcast of “Sábado Sensacional”. The disappeared Amador Bendayán received her with the entire Herrera family and with the presence of Susana Duijm, Miss World 1955 and Pilin León, Miss World 1981, and where Astrid Carolina wore her fantasy of Dancing Devils of Yare that she had worn as a national costume in the contest. There, a small press conference was held with only 8 journalists from the show, including Maritza Martín for “El Universal”, William Guzmán and Diego Montaldo Pérez, for the magazine “Venezuela Farándula”. “I will not resign even if the threats against me continue”, the world beauty queen told reporters. “I will be an Ambassador of friendship and nobility of Venezuelans”. The first Venezuelan Miss World, Susana Duijm, said she was very happy with the new triumph of a compatriot, adding that Astrid Carolina “had everything to succeed, including good luck”. Later, on Monday the 26th, the new Miss World was received at the Miranda State Governance, where she received a distinction by Governor Miguel García Mackle. She also visited the Children’s Orthopedic Hospital of Caracas and during the “Bingo de la Bondad” held on Saturday 1st. December, she managed to collect a lot of money for the children of the hospital. According to press reports, Astrid Carolina would go on to earn as Miss World a monthly sum, in exchange, of about 50 thousand Bolívares, which was more than the President of the Republic earned at that time !!.
OTHER MISS WORLD’S TRIPS.-
Astrid Carolina’s trip to Venezuela was only nine days, since she had to travel to El Salvador on Monday, December 3, her next stop as world beauty queen. In that country, she participated in a Fashion Show to collect money for two orphanages that were being opened by the First Lady of that country. From there she traveled to Guatemala, on the first of three visits she made to that nation during her reign. In this first opportunity, to raise funds for the Children’s Hospital of Guatemala City. Astrid Carolina returned to Venezuela to spend Christmas with her family, on a private trip that was not publicized and in January she returned to London to continue with her commitments as Miss World. Astrid traveled to Honduras, Jamaica, Colombia, Chile, Costa Rica, Panama, Switzerland and throughout the United Kingdom and concluded her reign by visiting several countries on the Asian continent, including Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. For the first time in history, a Miss World was visiting Indonesia despite the ban on holding beauty pageants in that nation. In all these countries she participated in fashion shows and collected a lot of money in favor of the neediest children to reinforce the project created by Julia Morley and which was the official slogan of the contest: “Beauty with a Purpose”.
BIOGRAPHY OF MISS WORLD 1984.-
Astrid Carolina Herrera Irazábal was born in the Santa Rosalía Parish in Caracas on June 23, 1963. Her father, a native of Cocorote, Yaracuy State, was David Herrera Segovia, and her mother María Odelia Irazábal. Astrid is the third of six siblings: Odelia Eufrosina (1956), Manuel Antonio (1958), Adriana Cecilia (1967), David Armando (1970) and Scarlett Nataly (1972). They lived in Department 7 of Block 3 of the Delgado Chalbaud neighborhood in Coche, in the west of Caracas. Astrid studied elementary school at the Dr. Jesús Muñoz Tébar College and high school at Pedro Emilio Coll. She was studying at the Central University of Venezuela for the seventh semester of Psychology when she entered Miss Venezuela. Before, in 1983, she had been the Queen of the Venezuelan Military Academy and that same year she did a skydiving course at the aforementioned Academy. Osmel Sousa met her at the Caracas Hilton Hotel at a cocktail of the Pan American Games that were held in Caracas in 1983 and invited her to participate. Her father objected at the beginning but then accepted and Astrid Carolina entered the pageant as Miss Miranda. In the Miss Venezuela contest of 1984 she achieved second place with the right to represent the country in Miss World. She traveled to London accompanied by her mother and one of her sisters and achieved the title of Miss World on Thursday, November 15, 1984, despite the criticism that linked her as Queen of the Coleos Bulls. Her roommate at the pageant in London was Juncal Rivero, Miss Spain. In Miss Venezuela 1985 they paid her a tribute, produced by Joaquín Riviera, where she came out dressed as the Egyptian queen Cleopatra. As Miss World, she toured some 17 countries, animal advocates left her alone and she smoothly handed her crown over to London in November 1985.
Upon returning to her country, she decided to leave Psychology and devoted herself to studying Law, but she did not finish her career because she was tempted to work on television. On the one hand, Venevisión offered to be an entertainer of the “Complicidades” program but she did not accept due to financial issues. And, on the other hand, Luis Guillermo González of RCTV offered her an acting contract that she did sign, although what she really wanted was to be a TV hostess. It was in 1987 when she began her foray into acting by joining the cast of RCTV’s “My Beloved Beatriz”. “The title helped me break through, but I had to show my talent. Also, my family was not amused. I started making announcements and then the other opportunities came”, said Astrid Carolina. Then she replaced Nohely Arteaga as the protagonist in “Alma mía” and integrated the casts of “Vida de mi vida”, “La pasion de Teresa”, all productions of the Quinta Crespo Channel. At Cinearte she made “Special Brigade 2.2”. On Mars, TV worked on: “La Sayona”, “Emperatriz”, “La loba herida”, “Drácula”, “Poseída”, “Reincarnation” and “Divina Obsesión”. She married for the first time on May 13, 1988 with the Military Edgar Ignacio Padrón Godoy, from whom she divorced in 2001. During her marriage, Astrid had several attempts to achieve a pregnancy, which resulted in a loss during the third month of gestation. “Losing my first baby was a devastating experience, I never imagined that I could love a being so much without even knowing him”, said the beautiful Astrid Carolina later.
She went to work at Venevisión in 1994, where she was Clara Rosa in “Morena Clara”. She was the protagonist with the Colombian Alejandro Martínez. She went to Colombia for two years, where she made “Manantial”, along with Luis Mesa, a soap opera that in Venezuela was abruptly interrupted. She returned to the country in 1996, when she played the Virgin of Coromoto in a unit for Venevisión. That year it was said that she would star in “Cara o cruz”, a soap opera written by Mariela Romero, under the production of Esteban Trapiello, which they would do in Jakarta, Indonesia. But the project collapsed. Astrid took a gap period. She reappeared in the fore in 2000, in the soap opera “Amantes de luna llena”, by VV, where she was “La Perla”. In 2001 she went to Miami (USA) and made “Secreto de amor”. In 2002 she returned to RCTV and gave life to Altagracia del Toro in “La Mujer de Judas”, one of her most prominent roles. That year, in the month of July, Astrid married for the second time, this time with the Venezuelan baseball player Antonio “El Potro” Álvarez in the Mayor’s office of Carrizal, Miranda state and from whom she separated in 2005.
In 2003 it was Yolanda Ventura in “Engañada”, by Venevisión. In 2004 she plays Raizza Alarcón, a co-starring role in “Sabor a ti”, also on Canal de la Colina. For that role they required her to wear short hair and she looked very good. In 2007, Astrid Carolina returns to the theater after a 23-year absence from the stage, forming part of the cast of the theater piece “Angustias de la Midlife” by Indira Páez directed by Sebastián Falco, this play was a great success. In 2008 she repeated the work dumbbell together with Sebastián Falco who directed it. In “Romance in order” she shared the scene with Alejandro Corona, she worked jointly for the soap opera “Arroz con leche”. She maintained a sentimental relationship with businessman Luis Perret-Gentil that did not prosper. After a three-year break, she returns to the Venevisión screen within the plot of Martín Hahn, “La viuda joven”, with Mariángel Ruíz, Verónica Schneider and Luis Gerónimo Abreu, giving life to Ivana Humboldt de Calderón, an enigmatic castrating woman that carries an important knot in the life of the Baroness.
In 2012 she played the role of the evil queen in the play “Anabel, the Enchanted Princess”, and continued to do theater for several years. Astrid Carolina is considered an icon on Venezuelan television. She has been a judge in various international and national competitions such as “Miss World” (1995), “Miss Venezuela” (1992 and 2004), “Nuetra Belleza Internacional” (1997), “Miss Venezuela World” (2000), “Miss American Continent”(2008), “Miss Ecuador” (2012) and “Miss World Colombia” on repeated occasions. In addition, she co-animated the Miss Venezuela World 2013 pageant and evaluated the candidates in “La Magia de ser Miss” in 2014. On June 5, 2014, when Astrid was about to turn 51, her daughter Miranda Carolina Herrera was born, who was conceived by IVF after numerous attempts. In 2017, she confessed that she had not returned to the dramatics because she was dedicated to her daughter and because in the last offer of a channel, whose name she did not want to reveal, they demanded that she stop doing theater, which seemed disrespectful to her and that made her led to reject the possibility. That year, Astrid Carolina underwent surgery for a pituitary tumor that turned out to be benign. In February 2020, she announced her return to acting in Jackson Gutiérrez’s new movie, “Inocencia”, whose recordings were postponed due to the coronavirus pandemic. Currently she continues to live in Caracas, Venezuela with her beloved daughter. She remains beautiful and over time has shown that she is an excellent actress.
THE OTHER CONTESTANTS.-
The representatives of Gibraltar, Ireland, Tahiti, Turks & Caicos and Yugoslavia competed in the Miss Universe 1985 pageant held in Miami and where the Irish girl was a semifinalist. Miss Spain won Miss Europe 1985, a contest in which the girls from Denmark, Gibraltar and Poland also participated. Meanwhile, the Brazilian was the first runner-up in the International Queen of Flowers 1985, while Miss Ecuador was fifth in the International Queen of Coffee 1985, Miss Honduras competed in Miss Hawaiian Tropic International in 1986 and Miss New Zealand was crowned “Mrs. World 1987”.
Miss Canada married and became a successful businesswoman. She later assumed the duties of President of Miss World Canada, a position she held for eight years. In her position on Yahoo! Canada in the late 1990s, now Mrs. McNaughton partnered with Ole CEO Robert Ott, then head of BMG Music Publishing Canada, to create a successful Yahoo! / BMG brand initiative in the form of an online song writing contest sponsored by Ford. Lives in Unionville, Ontario. Miss Brazil became a model in Italy, where she lived for many years. There she met former banker Salvatore Cacciola, a character in one of the main corruption cases of the second government of Fernando Henrique Cardoso. She was married to him until 2006, when she returned to Brazil with her two children. Miss Ireland worked as an actress both on stage and on screen, with minor roles in Agnes Browne (1999), The Island (2005) and Lucky You (2007), and a starring role in Red Roses and Petrol (2002). She has continued on the catwalks despite her age and today is a sought-after model and actress who lives in Los Angeles, USA.
Miss Colombia began her journalistic career in 1987 on Colombian television, presenting the Noticiero Criptón and in 1990 she joined the US network Univisión. She married the Argentine architect Miguel Yelós San Martín in 1990, with whom she had two children: Tábatha and Tadeo. On January 27, 1992, she was accepted as a news presenter on CNN International News. Since its founding in 1997, she has been CNN en Español’s main presenter and advisor to the network’s senior vice president (Cynthia Hudson). In 2012 she presented the programs Panorama Mundial, Nuestro Mundo and Patricia Janiot Presenta, as well as small specials. On November 6, 2017 she announced her retirement from the television network for new projects, remaining on screen until November 17 of the same year. She then went back to work at Univision where she currently hosts the “Here and Now” program.
After her participation in Miss World, Miss Holland went to work in the USA as an exclusive model for Oleg Cassini, where she remained for several years. She has a daughter named Nadege and currently lives in Amsterdam. Miss Kenya was another of the girls who devoted herself fully to modeling. She won a million dollar contract from the firm Yves Saint Laurent in Paris and dedicated herself to her profession as an international model for many years until 1994. Miss Puerto Rico is now known as “María María” and is a renowned television entertainer, producer, image consultant and fashion show coordinator. Still living in San Juan. Miss Spain was dedicated to the world of acting and was also a successful television presenter. She married Swedish businessman Fredrik Anders Alm, but they ended up divorcing two years later. The couple had a son in 2004, Derek Alm Rivero. She is currently the licensee of the Miss and Mister Spain Brands.
Miss Bolivia became a recognized fashion designer in her country and Miss Greece became a very important actress of international recognition. Miss Honduras is now Mrs. Burdett and lives in Florida, USA. Miss Panama married the businessman Gilberto Alemán and still lives in Panama. Miss Peru was the host of medical programs on Peruvian TV and currently works at the Institute of Dermatological and Cosmetic Surgery in Lima. Miss Switzerland trained as a marketing planner and completed journalism training. She was a reporter for the business magazine Cash-TV and a producer, editor and newscaster for the Swiss television channel S Plus and Switzerland 4. She worked as a freelance journalist for the Blick and SonntagsBlick newspapers. In 1995 she moved to Colonia RTL Television Cologne as a reporter. After returning to Switzerland, she remained connected to the station as a Swiss correspondent and participated in the launch of the Swiss program RTL and Pro 7 window in 1999. She was the presenter of the daily programs Konkret and Konkret Life in front of the camera. In 2001 Silvia Affolter founded Your Story AG. In addition to her work as the owner of Your Story AG, she moderates events in the areas of business, culture and the media. From 2007 to 2009, Silvia Affolter was a member of the board of directors for The Dolder Grand.
Miss Yugoslavia was the director of the Natural Health company in Sarajevo and died of cancer on March 11, 2015. She had a daughter named Naomi. Another who is no longer with us is Miss Poland, who died on July 26, 1994 after accidentally being electrocuted when a hair dryer fell into the tub while taking a shower at her home in Warsaw. The accident happened on July 8 but she was in a coma for 18 days and was unable to recover. She had become a successful journalist, writer, and fashion designer. In 1990 she had published an autobiographical book entitled “To be or not to be a Miss”. Peace to her soul!
Thanks to Donald West, Daryl Schabinger, Humberto Acevedo, Neil Craig, Sally-Ann Fawcett, Carlos Cepeda, Henrique Fontes, Andrés Carmona, Mario Jérez, Norberto Colón, Junior Zelaya, Roberto Macedo, Jimmy Steele, Kahaan Kumar, Toni Hidalgo, Diego Montaldo Pérez, Edman Raúl Imagen, Mills Aldorino, Expediente Miss, Neida Añez Coleccion, History of Beauty, Miss Holland Now, Paraiso de Reinas and Glamour Argentino.